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February 12, 2024

Microsoft Officially Excludes ‘sudo’ Command from Windows Server

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Microsoft has launched the sudo function for the Win11 Build 26052 preview version. After the launch, some users found traces of sudo in the Windows Server 2025 preview version. However, Microsoft explained the reason for this in the 26052 release notes. The company said it has no intention of providing sudo support for Windows Server at all. It reveals that the feature is only available for the consumer version of Windows 11. The sudo that appeared in the previous Windows Server preview version was simply an accident and will be inactive in the future.

Microsoft said

Note: A setting that enables sudo may incorrectly appear in Windows Server Insider Preview builds, but the feature will not be enabled on Windows Server and the setting will be disabled in a future Server Insider Preview build.

The sudo command is a Linux console program that allows low-privileged users to execute a command with elevated privileges. Microsoft had previously announced that it was bringing the Linux sudo command to Windows Server 2025. Later, it was confirmed that this feature would only be available on consumer versions of Windows 11.

The `sudo` command in Linux and Unix systems serves to allow users to execute commands with the security privileges of another user, most often the superuser or root. It’s particularly applicable for managing administrative tasks when logged in as a basic user. The command becomes supercharged with elevated privileges when prefixed with `sudo` and might necessitate the user to input their password for verification purposes. For instance, the command `sudo apt-get update` enables a basic user to elevate their system packages using the supremacy of the superuser.

A double hyphen (`–`) frequently features in command-line parameters, designating “long options” for more detailed option names. It’s a standard convention in numerous command-line programs. To illustrate, `xmllint –valid toc.xml –noout` employs the double hyphen to choose the `valid` and `noout` options.

Nonetheless, due to its capability to conduct major alterations to a system, usage of the `sudo` command ought to be practiced with restraint and appreciation of its implications. It’s essential to understand the impact of using `sudo` and limit its usage only when absolutely necessary. Moreover, the utilization of double hyphens in command-line parameters is a common practice to pinpoint long options in countless command-line programs.

In order to activate Sudo for Windows, proceed to Settings > For Developers page within Windows Settings and switch on the “Enable Sudo” alternative. Sudo for Windows can also be activated by executing the succeeding command in an elevated console session: sudo config –enable <configuration_option>. It’s noteworthy that, initially, the sudo function in the Windows 11 preview model is set to disabled. Users of Build 26052 can head to “Settings > System > For Developers” to locate the “Enable sudo” preference.

You can also select from three different modes for configuring the operation of the sudo command (in a new window, with disabled input, inline), or initiate a Windows terminal as an administrator and input:

When initiating a process from the command-line with sudo, a UAC dialog box will show up, requesting user confirmation for the elevation. You will then have the ability to use sudo within the terminal as you would do on Linux or macOS.

Microsoft’s inclusion of the ‘sudo’ functionality in the Windows 11 Build 26052 preview version signifies a significant progression towards improved user control and enhanced security within the Windows landscape. This offers users the capability to run elevated commands right from an unelevated console session. Originating from Linux and Unix systems, the ‘sudo’ command empowers users with low permissions, enabling them to execute commands with higher privileges. It offers a mechanism for conducting administrative tasks while being logged in as a standard user.

An unintended revelation of the ‘sudo’ function in the Windows Server 2025 preview stirred confusion. Microsoft, however, quickly clarified that this feature was specifically designed for Windows 11 consumer versions only. This distinction highlights Microsoft’s strategic commitment to meet the distinct requirements of varied user groups by ensuring system management tools are correctly aligned with user needs and usage scenarios.

The `sudo` command, although a significant tool for system administrators and advanced users, also calls for judicious usage. It is crucial to comprehend the tool thoroughly prior to attempting to use it. The provision of configurable options by Microsoft for enabling and customizing the behaviour of the `sudo` command mirrors a pledge to a user-focused design and flexibility in system administration.

Integrating the `sudo` function into Windows environments facilitates a connection between diverse operating systems. It also equips users with familiar and effective tools for system administration and command-line operations. By adopting industry-standard conventions and user-centric design principles, Microsoft is consistently developing its platform. Its goal is to cater to the varied requirements of its user base while giving prominence to security, usability, and compatibility. As Windows progresses, the `sudo` function stands as a symbol of Microsoft’s dedication to innovation and adaptability amidst the dynamic world of technology and computing.

Efe Udin is an experienced tech author with a span of over seven years in the field. He writes about a wide spectrum of topics in the tech industry, ranging from industry politics to performance of mobile phones. From tablets to mobile phones, Efe has also maintained a vigilant watch on the latest advancements and trends. He offers insightful analysis and critiques to enlighten and educate his readers. Efe holds a strong passion for tech and covers fascinating stories as well as provides solutions where possible.

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